Wanted to know if people know of any major differences between identify --verbose and exiftool. A picture here :-
─[$] identify -verbose me_at_minidebconf_thumbnail.jpeg [4:23:33] Image: me_at_minidebconf_thumbnail.jpeg Format: JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group JFIF format) Mime type: image/jpeg Class: DirectClass Geometry: 96x96+0+0 Units: Undefined Type: TrueColor Endianess: Undefined Colorspace: sRGB Depth: 8-bit Channel depth: red: 8-bit green: 8-bit blue: 8-bit Channel statistics: Pixels: 9216 Red: min: 0 (0) max: 255 (1) mean: 133.799 (0.524702) standard deviation: 53.1449 (0.208412) kurtosis: -0.294846 skewness: -0.0251616 Green: min: 0 (0) max: 255 (1) mean: 102.061 (0.400239) standard deviation: 56.3748 (0.221078) kurtosis: 0.0271158 skewness: 0.613543 Blue: min: 0 (0) max: 234 (0.917647) mean: 49.6539 (0.194721) standard deviation: 55.8819 (0.219145) kurtosis: 0.704774 skewness: 1.33143 Image statistics: Overall: min: 0 (0) max: 255 (1) mean: 95.1713 (0.373221) standard deviation: 55.1522 (0.216283) kurtosis: 1.32169 skewness: 0.533932 Rendering intent: Perceptual Gamma: 0.454545 Chromaticity: red primary: (0.64,0.33) green primary: (0.3,0.6) blue primary: (0.15,0.06) white point: (0.3127,0.329) Background color: white Border color: srgb(223,223,223) Matte color: grey74 Transparent color: black Interlace: None Intensity: Undefined Compose: Over Page geometry: 96x96+0+0 Dispose: Undefined Iterations: 0 Compression: JPEG Quality: 80 Orientation: Undefined Properties: date:create: 2015-03-26T04:21:09+06:00 date:modify: 2015-03-26T04:20:23+06:00 icc:copyright: FB icc:description: c2 icc:manufacturer: c2 icc:model: c2 jpeg:colorspace: 2 jpeg:sampling-factor: 2x2,1x1,1x1 signature: dc33cda4167cd6ec1adee6a8856798c2659aac0c81228b65627cf254fa1ad6a8 Profiles: Profile-icc: 524 bytes Artifacts: filename: me_at_minidebconf_thumbnail.jpeg verbose: true Tainted: False Filesize: 3.46KB Number pixels: 9.22K Pixels per second: 9.216EB User time: 0.000u Elapsed time: 0:01.000 Version: ImageMagick 6.8.9-9 Q16 x86_64 2015-01-05 http://www.imagemagick.org
and here's exiftool :-
[$] exiftool me_at_minidebconf.jpg [4:24:15] ExifTool Version Number : 9.74 File Name : me_at_minidebconf.jpg Directory : . File Size : 66 kB File Modification Date/Time : 2015:01:29 20:59:16+05:30 File Access Date/Time : 2015:03:26 04:04:26+05:30 File Inode Change Date/Time : 2015:03:01 21:40:44+05:30 File Permissions : rw-r--r-- File Type : JPEG MIME Type : image/jpeg JFIF Version : 1.02 Resolution Unit : None X Resolution : 1 Y Resolution : 1 Current IPTC Digest : 63345b91c4c72d05bf1b1d36ddf7038d Original Transmission Reference : NDRpuPLS7BKWF_g7lXPe Special Instructions : FBMD01000ac20300009d21000076470000724d000026550000116e00006f9c000006a3000064ab0000fab40000fb080100 Profile CMM Type : lcms Profile Version : 2.1.0 Profile Class : Display Device Profile Color Space Data : RGB Profile Connection Space : XYZ Profile Date Time : 2012:01:25 03:41:57 Profile File Signature : acsp Primary Platform : Apple Computer Inc. CMM Flags : Not Embedded, Independent Device Manufacturer : Device Model : Device Attributes : Reflective, Glossy, Positive, Color Rendering Intent : Perceptual Connection Space Illuminant : 0.9642 1 0.82491 Profile Creator : lcms Profile ID : 0 Profile Description : c2 Profile Copyright : FB Media White Point : 0.9642 1 0.82491 Media Black Point : 0.01205 0.0125 0.01031 Red Matrix Column : 0.43607 0.22249 0.01392 Green Matrix Column : 0.38515 0.71687 0.09708 Blue Matrix Column : 0.14307 0.06061 0.7141 Red Tone Reproduction Curve : (Binary data 64 bytes, use -b option to extract) Green Tone Reproduction Curve : (Binary data 64 bytes, use -b option to extract) Blue Tone Reproduction Curve : (Binary data 64 bytes, use -b option to extract) Image Width : 899 Image Height : 600 Encoding Process : Progressive DCT, Huffman coding Bits Per Sample : 8 Color Components : 3 Y Cb Cr Sub Sampling : YCbCr4:2:0 (2 2) Image Size : 899x600
at first glance identify --verbose seems to be telling more about the image than exiftool, are there any interesting things that people can point out ?
One difference I believe is that Identify reads the whole image file into memory and then extracts the EXIF data. I don't think exiftool has to do that because it is only getting the EXIF/IPTC metadata.
I'm not sure how much metadata Identify understands. Exiftool is specifically designed to handle not only EXIF metadata but also IPTC and XMP amongst others and can set that data very easily too. It also has specific code to handle many manufacturers maker codes. It is very well tested and under continuous development.
I don't think Identify has the high level functions to set/get such a wide range of metadata. Geotags are another area that Exiftool handles that I'm not sure Identify does.
On the other hand, identify appears to be saying more about the image content (stats)?
UPDATE: You can see the purposes of IPTC and XMP easily enough using Wikipedia.
IPTC is a set of additional standard metadata originally used by newspapers. I use it extensively to catalogue my own images with author, copyright, geocoding, etc.
XMP is Adobe's extended metadata format, using embedded XML, for their products. It isn't as well supported outside Adobe products. Many free and lowcost tools as well as professional ones support IPTC. It is even possible to use BOTH together!!
UPDATE: In my view, IPTC is the best metadata format to use for information beyond the camera data. It is very widely supported both in free and commercial tools and recognised - even required - if you ever want to sell any photos.
Some useful Windows tools that handle EXIF and IPTC:
UPDATE 2: I don't often use Linux desktop but here are some posibilities:
As always, WikiPedia has a useful list of metadata editors too though it is mainly Windows software.