How can I write exponential function with base other than e?

by Payam Abdy   Last Updated June 22, 2017 06:23 AM

I want to write an exponential function with base other than e, where the power is a complex equation. I can't write it as b^f(x), because f(x) is a complex equation and it looks bad. I want to write it in a manner similar to when we use 'e' as a base (like \exp(f(x))). I want to know can I write it as \exp(b,f(x))?

Tags : ieee-style


Answers 1


I think what you mean is how to enhance how equations look when you use very large and complicated equation as a power to the base e. A professional looking appearance for equations can be achieved with the following:

  • Using \bigl, \Bigl, \biggl, \Biggl, \bigr, \Bigr, \biggr, or\Biggrfor brackets of any kind. Each command gives different size of the bracket and you may try them until you are satisfied
  • Using \left( and \right). Note that any bracket type works. If you don't want a left or right bracket, just type \left. or \right.
  • Using \displaystyle to increase the size of very small parts of an equation. Or \scriptstyle to decrease the size of very large parts of the equation
  • Using \thinspace, \medspace, or \thickspace to increase spacing in crowded parts of the equation. Or \negthinspace, \negmedspace or \negthickspace to reduce the distance between parts that are very far from each other.

Check how this works. Without the rules above:

enter image description here

The denominator looks unprofessional and ugly. It can be produced using:

\begin{equation}
I_{rs} = \frac{ I_{sc,ref}
                \biggl[
                    1 + \frac{\alpha}{100} (T_{op}-T_{ref})
                \biggl]
            }
            {e^{
                    ( \frac{V_{oc,ref} [  1 + \frac{\beta}{100} (T_{op}-T_{ref})]}   {a  V_{t}} )
                }  - 1 
            }
%
\label{eq:I_rs_trans}
\end{equation}

Now let's refine how the denominator looks:

enter image description here

Which is easier to read and professional-looking. Also, for much more complicated formula. Such presentation would reduce the likelihood of errors when reading the equations and using them.

\begin{equation}
I_{rs} = \frac{ I_{sc,ref}
                \bigg[
                    1 + \frac{\alpha}{100} (T_{op}-T_{ref})
                \biggl]
            }
            {e^{
                    \left( \displaystyle \frac{V_{oc,ref} \bigg[  1 + \frac{\beta}{100} (T_{op}-T_{ref}) \biggl]}   {a \thinspace V_{t}} \right)
                }  - 1 
            }
%
\label{eq:I_rs_trans}
\end{equation}

I hope this answers the question :)

Al-Motasem Aldaoudeyeh
Al-Motasem Aldaoudeyeh
June 22, 2017 06:21 AM

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