Find the extreme points of the function $g(x):=(x^4-2x^2+2)^{1/2}, x∈[-0.5,2]$

by Ski Mask   Last Updated January 16, 2018 16:20 PM

I need to find the extreme points of the function $$g(x):=(x^4-2x^2+2)^{1/2}, x∈[-0.5,2]$$ I first found $$f'(x)=\frac{{4x^3-4x}}{2\sqrt {x^4-2x^2+2}}$$ and made $f'(x)=0$ to find all the roots of the function, $x_1=0, x_2=1, x_3=-1$ but since $x_3$ is out of the domain I didn't consider it. Now I have $4$ candidates for the extreme points for this function, namely $x_1, x_2, r_1=-0.5, r_2=2$, where $r_1, r_2$ are the ends of the domain. I then put these candidates back into $f(x)$ and found that $$f(x_2)<f(r_1)<f(x_1)<f(r_2)$$ showing that $x_2$ is the global minimum and $r_2$ is the global maximum.

But I can't seem to figure out the local maximum and local minimum of the function. I tried making a sign table for the function:

enter image description here

But I have no idea how to determine that $x_1$ is the local maximum and $r_1$ is the local minimum.

PS - Sorry for the terrible sign graph, I had to use an online graphing tool.



Answers 1


(...) and found that $$f(x_2)<f(r_1)<f(x_1)<f(r_2)$$ showing that $x_2$ is the global minimum and $r_2$ is the global maximum.

Careful: the (global) extremes are $f(x_2)$ and $f(r_2)$ respectively, they occur in $x_2$ and $r_2$.

But I can't seem to figure out the local maximum and local minimum of the function. I tried making a sign table for the function:

The sign of $f$ doesn't help you. You either make a sign table of its derivative $f'$ or you look at higher order derivates.

Looking at the sign of $f'$, which comes down to the sign of the numerator since the denominator is positive so you only need the sign of $x^3-x=x(x-1)(x+1)$, you'll see that:

  • it goes from positive to negative in $x=0$, so $f$ goes from increasing to decreasing and attains a local maximum there;
  • it goes from negative to positive in $x=1$, so $f$ goes from decreasing to increasing and attains a local minimum there.

PS - Sorry for the terrible sign graph, I had to use an online graphing tool.

No need; this is a well written and documented question!

StackTD
StackTD
January 16, 2018 16:08 PM

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